Sciatica is the name given to any sort of pain caused by irritation or compression of the sciatic nerve. Compression on the sciatic nerve can be caused by one of the vertebral discs being damaged, causing them to press against the nerve endings. Another cause of sciatic pain is also down to muscular tightness, which can often be missed diagnosed.
Two muscles that can cause sciatic pain when they are very tight are the Piriformis and Gluteus Maximus. The Piriformis originates on the anterior surface of the sacrum and inserts on to the greater trochanter on our thigh bone, the fumur. Our Gluteus Maximus muscle attaches to the posterior surface of our sacrum and inserts on to our gluteal tuberosity on our thigh bone, and also our tibial tract/band.
The reason why sciatic pain can be caused by these two muscles becoming so tight is all down to the way the nerve root passes through them. The sciatic nerve passes through both of these muscles. So when one of these muscles are tight, it can cause the nerve to be compressed. This can cause irritation of the sciatic nerve. This irritation leads to sciatica-like pain, tingling and numbness that run from the lower back, to the rear and sometimes down the leg and into the foot.
By receiving massage on these muscles, it eases off the pressure against the sciatic nerve which results in a decrease of the numbness sensation and referred pain down the leg. Stretching out these muscles at home will help ease of the pressure being applied against the nerve, as often as two times a day at five repetitions. If you feel like your sciatic pain is down to muscular issues, come into our clinic where our massage therapist will work on these muscles for you and prescribe home stretches for you to do at home. We currently have an offer on at 29£ for an initial consultation appoint for 1 hour, so don’t hesitate to contact us!